methyl bromide phaseout - search results


Methyl Bromide- phase out and alternatives - PAN Europe

Methyl bromide has been identified as one of the chemicals depleting the ozone layer and its phase out was considered a very important step, although pre-shipment and quarantine uses (about 22% of global methyl bromide use) are exempt from the controls of the Protocol.

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Methyl Bromide Phase-Out Project | Global Environment Facility

Methyl Bromide Phase-Out Project Project Summary WP inclusion.During project preparation it appeared that:1) Ukraine wishes to retain capacity for MBr production.2) MBr consumption is significant.3) CTC was produced in one facility, mostly as feedstock for CFC-11/12 in the USSR.

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Potential impacts of imposing methyl bromide phaseout on ...

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer requires developed countries to phaseout methyl bromide production and non-quarantine uses by 2005 and developing countries to do the same by 2015. Exemptions to phaseout have been significant in slowing the process of abatement; many countries have applied for exemptions for some ...

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A Farm-level Approach to the Methyl Bromide Phase-out ...

Alternative fumigant and herbicide systems for Georgia's pepper farms are analyzed relative to soon-to-be phased-out methyl bromide system. Stochastic dominance analyses identify two alternatives exceeding MeBr's yield and financial

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A Reporting Service for Environment and Development ...

on methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment applications. Kigali Amendment: At MOP 28, held in Kigali, Rwanda, in 2016, delegates agreed to amend the Protocol to include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as part of its ambit and to set phasedown schedules for HFCs. HFCs are produced as replacements for HCFCs and thus a result of ODS phase-out.

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Methyl bromide phase-out impacts county's top crop

"The phase-out of methyl bromide has caused strawberry growers to look at alternatives," said Norm Groot, executive director of the Monterey County Farm Bureau. "The alternatives are coming under ...

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Methyl Bromide Phaseout Stymied - C&EN

The parties to the Montreal protocol agreed in 1995 to phase out use of methyl bromide in developed countries by 2005 and in developing countries by …

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The Accelerated Phaseout of Class I Ozone-Depleting ...

On February 11, 1992, the United States announced that it would consider the possible need to phase out methyl bromide. Starting in 1994, the United States froze the production and consumption at 1991 levels. In revisions made to the Clean Air Act in 1998, the United States conformed its phaseout of methyl bromide to the Montreal Protocol phaseout.

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Phaseout of Methyl Bromide Accelerated

Phaseout of Methyl Bromide Is Imminent Currently, the EPA acting under The Clean Air Act has scheduled the domestic U.S. phaseout date for production and importation of methyl bromide for January 1, 2001. On September 17, 1997, at the Ninth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, a significant acceleration in the phaseout of the ...

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Methyl bromide to be phased out - Zimbabwe Situation

via Methyl bromide to be phased out | The Zimbabwean 13 August 2014 by Sofia Mapuranga. Zimbabwe has successfully phased out the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) while methyl bromide is set to be phased out by 2030. Addressing participants at a workshop on strategies towards the preservation and restoration of the Stratospheric Ozone Layer recently, George Chaumba, Head …

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Methyl bromide - is phase-out on schedule? - Pesticide ...

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Managing Nematodes Without Methyl Bromide

The phase out of methyl bromide under the Montreal Protocol resulted from its ability to deplete stratospheric ozone (62, 87, 90). Ini-tially, a reduction of methyl bromide use from the 1991 domestic production level was scheduled for 2005 in developed countries and 2015 in developing countries, but as of 2008,

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Methyl Bromide | Phaseout of Ozone-Depleting Substances ...

The Phaseout of Methyl Bromide. The amount of methyl bromide produced or imported was reduced incrementally until it was phased out on January 1, 2005. Certain uses of methyl bromide are exempt from this phaseout. These include: Critical uses; Quarantine and preshipment uses; Methyl Bromide Alternatives

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USDA ERS - Methyl Bromide Phaseout Proceeds

For decades, methyl bromide has been used as the fumigant of choice in intensive agriculture around the world as well as in the storage treatment of perishable goods and commodities. However, due to its high ozone-depleting potential, in 1992, methyl bromide was included among the Ozone Depleting Substances under the Montreal Protocol. Since then, phase-out schedules for this chemical were ...

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Methyl Bromide | US EPA

The Phaseout of Methyl Bromide. The amount of methyl bromide produced or imported was reduced incrementally until it was phased out on January 1, 2005. Certain uses of methyl bromide are exempt from this phaseout. These include: Critical uses; Quarantine …

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Methyl Bromide - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Methyl bromide (74-83-9) is a natural substance and manufactured as a fumigant to control pests in the soil, food and nonfood commodities, and structures. Its pesticidal use has declined because of the phase out under the Montreal Protocol for ozone-depleting substances. Toxicity in human and animals is mainly from inhalation of methyl bromide gas.

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The phase-out of methyl bromide | UNIDO

For decades, methyl bromide has been used as the fumigant of choice in intensive agriculture around the world as well as in the storage treatment of perishable goods and commodities. However, due to its high ozone-depleting potential, in 1992, methyl bromide was included among the Ozone Depleting Substances under the Montreal Protocol. Since then, phase-out schedules for this chemical were ...

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Status of Methyl Bromide Under the Clean Air Act and the ...

Specifically, the phase out challenges brought together agricultural and forestry leaders from private industry, academia, State governments, and the federal government to assess the problem, formulate priorities, and implement research directed at providing solutions under the USDA's Methyl Bromide Alternatives program.

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A Farm-level Approach to the Methyl Bromide Phase-out ...

Alternative fumigant and herbicide systems for Georgia's pepper farms are analyzed relative to soon-to-be phased-out methyl bromide system. Stochastic dominance analyses identify two alternatives exceeding MeBr's yield and financial

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Methyl Bromide is Out. What's Next for California's ...

In 1991, methyl bromide was identified as an "ozone-depleting compound." It was scheduled for phaseout in 2005 as part of the Montreal Protocol. (The Montreal Protocol is an international agreement signed in 1987. It was designed to help protect the stratospheric ozone layer.) 2016 is the last year in which methyl bromide will be available.

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Methyl bromide rules reset | HarvestTECH

Methyl bromide is a toxic and ozone-depleting substance, which India and China require to be used on logs they receive from New Zealand. It is a biosecurity tool, used internationally to kill pests. "The EPA's role in regulating hazardous substances involves carefully balancing environmental, health, economic, and cultural factors," says ...

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Methyl Bromide: The Problem, the Phase Out, and the ...

12 Consequently, the Protocol is phasing out methyl bromide at an international level.I] The phase out has spurred considerable controversy, especially within the agricultural community and among environmentalists.14 The two years after the fifty percent reduction, beginning in January 2001, will be the most pivotal in determining

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Methyl Bromide Phase-Out Strategies

becoming increasingly urgent as deadlines for the international phase out of methyl bromide approach. Use of methyl bromide continues to grow rapidly in some developing countries, despite fast approaching requirements for a 2002 freeze on consumption and 20% reduction in 2005 under the international Montreal Protocol agreement.

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METHYL BROMIDE: THE PROBLEM, THE PHASE OUT, AND …

2002] Methyl Bromide 215 layer.12 Consequently, the Protocol is phasing out methyl bromide at an international level.13 The phase out has spurred considerable controversy, especially within the agricultural community and among environmentalists.14 The two years after the fifty percent reduction, beginning in January 2001, will be the most pivotal in determining

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Comparison of Methyl Bromide and Phosphine for Fumigation ...

Methyl bromide had been widely used for the disinfestation of dry-cured ham facilities in the United States, but is now phased out of use since it is an ozone-depleting substance. This paper reports laboratory studies to evaluate the efficacies of methyl bromide and phosphine for controlling two of the key arthropod pests of dry-cured hams and ...

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Montreal Protocol Approves Methyl Bromide Exemptions after ...

An intergovernmental meeting of the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer has granted limited "critical-use exemptions" to 11 countries facing a year-end deadline for phasing out methyl bromide. The 11 countries that have received exemptions to the phase-out totaling 13,438 metric tons of methyl bromide for 2005 are Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, […]

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Economic Implications of the Methyl Bromide Phaseout - USDA

Economic Implications of the Methyl Bromide Phaseout. by Craig Osteen. The pesticide methyl bromide is being phased out internationally under the Montreal Protocol. Methyl bromide has been used for over 50 years to control insect, nematodes, pathogens, and weeds.

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National Methyl Bromide Phase-out Strategy (NMBPS)

National Methyl Bromide Phase-out Strategy (NMBPS) This project aims to gradually reduce and eliminate a total of 10.3 ODP tons of methyl bromide (non-Quarantine and Pre-Shipment use only). It also aims to ensure that there are viable and permanent alternatives and alternative approaches to maintain this phaseout.

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Review the Phaseout of Methyl Bromide

The phaseout schedule for methyl bromide within the Montreal Protocol provides a less aggressive phaseout schedule and has included some important use exemptions that currently do not exist under U.S. law. Protocol schedule could help facilitate a smoother transition away from methyl bromide.

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Methyl Bromide and the Montreal Protocol

Methyl Bromide and the Montreal Protocol 1992: Methyl Bromide added to Montreal Protocol 1995: Clean Air Act required U.S. phaseout by 2001 1997: U.S. and international schedule harmonized to 2005 phaseout with exemptions: Developed countries (non-A5 countries) •1999-2000: 25% reduction from baseline •2001-2002: 50% reduction from baseline

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